Instructions for the authors

Since 1975, Canadian Public Policy/Analyse de politiques has been the foremost peer-reviewed journal examining economic and social public policy issues in Canada. It is directed at a wide readership including policy researchers, decision makers and advisers in governments, businesses, unions, non-government organizations and universities.

At least one author on all submissions must be a member of the Canadian Economics Association or subscribe to the journal.

Ethics Statement

The Canadian Public Policy/Analyse de politiques (CPP/Adp) adheres to the ethical guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). The guidelines below follow closely those advocated by COPE.


By submitting your paper to the CPP/Adp, it is understood that the work is original, unpublished in any language, and not under simultaneous consideration by another journal. Relevant previous work by other researchers and by the author(s) should be appropriately acknowledged and cited. Any form of plagiarism, in part or in whole and including the author's own previous work, will not be tolerated. The CPP/Adp reserves the right to use software to detect plagiarism.


Authorship should reflect the individual's contribution to the research and to its reporting. Any individual who meets authorship criteria (that is, made a substantive contribution to the research) should be rewarded with authorship. Individuals who made less than a substantive contribution to the research should be listed in the acknowledgement footnote. Any form of guest, gift and ghost authorship is forbidden. Under COPE's definitions, a guest author is one who does not deserve authorship but is listed because of seniority or reputation; a gift author is one who does not deserve authorship but is listed as a favour or in return for payment; and a ghost author is one who deserves authorship but is not listed.

Conflicts of Interest

When submitting a paper, all authors should state all sources of financial support for their research. All authors should identify any interested party that provided financial or in-kind support in the form of consultancy fees, retainers, data access, etc. An interested party is an individual or organization that has a stake in the paper for financial, political or ideological reasons. All authors should reveal any paid or unpaid positions in organizations whose financial interests or policy positions are relevant to the submitted paper. If the paper is partly or wholly written under contract with an organization, this fact must be disclosed. If any of the above situations does not apply to one or more of the authors, this fact must be stated as well. The above information should be disclosed in a Disclosure Statement form (PDF) (one for every author) at the time of submission. The disclosure form(s) should be submitted separately from the manuscript and clearly indicated as such under `Other Files Accompanying Submission’ in Editorial Express. A short statement summarizing the information in this form should be included by the authors in the acknowledgment footnote of the initial submission and all subsequent versions of the paper, unless the statement compromises anonymity during the reviewing process in which case it should be added in the final version for publication. Authors are expected to keep the journal informed of any changes in their status that could potentially put them in the appearance of conflict between the date of submission and the date of final acceptance of the paper.

Research Involving Humans (or Animals)

Appropriate approval, registration or licensing should be obtained from the relevant ethical board (e.g., the Research Ethics Committee at the author's university) prior to any research that involves humans (or animals). This information should appear in the acknowledgment note of the submitted paper. Steps should be taken to insure the confidentiality of sensitive data.


Review of a submission will be discontinued if the authors have not followed these guidelines. If a published paper is found to be inconsistent with these guidelines then a correction or retraction will be published in the Journal.

Editorial Policies

All manuscripts will initially be reviewed by the Editor or a Co-Editor. It may be decided to consult one or more referees. Papers will be appraised from the point of view of their public policy relevance. Papers should be of a high intellectual standard, yet should also be comprehensible to readers outside the author's own discipline. Data used by authors should be accessible to others upon request. The journal reserves the right to retract papers if the data are not made available within a reasonable period when requested by a bona fide researcher for an attempt to replicate a significant finding or if that finding cannot be replicated. The exception is if a statement regarding the data unavailability has been included in the cover letter accompanying the initial submission and in the submitted version and all subsequent versions of the paper.

The editor will normally give a deadline for a response to a decision letter. If none is given and there is no response, the file will be closed after one year.


From time to time the journal may publish commentaries subject to the same guidelines, standards, and peer-review procedures as regular articles. Specifically, while commentaries may involve advocacy and rhetoric, the underlying research results must be judged to be novel and of sufficient value. Authors who wish their submissions to be judged as commentaries should indicate this on the first page of the manuscript and in the cover letter.

Submission Guidelines

Manuscripts may be in either English or French, and should not normally exceed 7,000 words although exceptions may be discussed. Initial submissions can be modestly longer and can be in a variety of styles. However, for publication the authors must be prepared to submit a version in Microsoft Word and in the journal style of formatting and documentation (see Manuscripts for Submission: Style Guide below). The final version of an accepted paper submitted for publication must be in journal style.

New submissions must be in PDF format (files not locked) and must be submitted through Editorial Express. Authors should provide these PDF documents.

  1. A cover letter to the editor

  2. A title page: Include the title of the paper, author name(s) and affiliation(s), and other information such as acknowledgements that may identify authors.

  3. A disclosure statement from each author

  4. A manuscript file with

    1. all pages numbered

    2. the first page an anonymized title page

    3. the second page containing an abstract (which will also have been entered separately along with other information in Editorial Express.)

    4. additional pages including the main body of the manuscript, tables, figures, references, appendices, and footnotes

    5. any other material that should be available to the referees including appendices that are not intended for publication.

At least one author on all submissions must be a member of the Canadian Economics Association or subscribe to the journal. To become a subscriber, contact the University of Toronto Press directly (see the inside front cover or follow the Subscription Information link on our website).

No manuscript should be submitted that is already under consideration by another journal or publisher. When submitting a paper to Canadian Public Policy/Analyse de politiques for possible publication, an author is implicitly undertaking that the paper is not being considered and will not appear elsewhere. Once a paper has been accepted, the author assigns exclusive world rights to the journal. It is our practice to inform authors if their article is being considered for possible reprinting in another journal or book. Authors who are approached directly in connection with a possible reprinting must recognize that copyright permission from the journal will be required and that prior publication in Canadian Public Policy/Analyse de politiques must always be acknowledged.


Format for Submissions

Accepted papers must contain the following:

  1. Cover page: Title of paper and five or six keywords in both English and French.

  2. Second page: Author name(s) and affiliation(s), and date. For affiliation, include department or school, institution, city, and province.

  3. Third page: Abstract – a 150-word summary, and three to six keywords.

  4. Manuscript: May be in either English or French and normally should not exceed 7,000 words; text must be double-spaced.

  5. Appendices: An appendix, if any, follows the main text. Continue to number any notes consecutively. The reference list should include sources cited in the appendix, unless the purpose of the appendix is to describe data sources. Appendices may also appear as online supplements.

  6. Endnotes: Notes should be designated in the text by superscript Arabic numerals. A note giving acknowledgements is unnumbered and precedes the numbered endnotes.

  7. References: for examples, see below, Manuscripts for Submission: Style Guide.

  8. Figures and Tables: In new submissions, all figures and tables must be contained with the text in a single PDF file. Colour is encouraged and will be used in published electronic versions. However, the print version is black and white; in accepted versions, please provide black-and-white or greyscale versions and colour versions of figures. Figures and charts may be saved in Excel spreadsheet, image format (TIFF or JPG), portable document format (PDF), or encapsulated postscript (EPS) files, and submitted in a separate file. Figure captions should appear as text in the accepted paper file and not part of the image. Please provide the figures in high resolution with at least 300 dpi and a minimum of 3.25 inches (to fit in one column of the page) or 6.75 inches wide (to fit in across two columns of the page). If there are numbers or words within the figure, please use Arial font. If your figure is a graph from the Stata program, please export or print the figure to a PDF (see instructions here). All tables should have appropriate rows and columns of cells and submitted as a part of the manuscript file; please do not submit images of tables. Authors may submit an Excel file separately of the tables if they prefer.

The final version of all accepted manuscripts must be submitted in both PDF and MS Word for copyediting purposes. For accepted manuscripts, e-mail the final copy in both PDF and MS Word formats to Olivier Lebert at LaTeX files and Word Perfect files are not accepted.

Submissions of the final copy manuscripts must be accompanied by the copyright release.

Manuscripts for Submission: Style Guide

The journal follows the author-date system of documentation outlined in the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition. The author-date style consists of parenthetical in-text citations and a reference list.

A Few Matters of Style

Manuscripts will be copy edited for grammar, clarity, and consistency of style. In general, please observe the following:

  • Numbers: spell out one to ten; use numerals for 11+.

  • Percentages: spell out percent in text, e.g., 2 percent. Use % in tables and figures.

  • Dates: 1 June 2020 (day month year)

  • Serial comma: Use a comma before the final "and" in a list of two or more items.

  • Punctuate equations as if part of the sentence.

In-Text Citations

In-text citations include the author and year, and a reference to a specific page or part of the work if needed (e.g., Shaw 1996, 66). All in-text citations must have a corresponding entry in the reference list.

  • If the author's name is mentioned in the text, place only the year and page in parentheses: Shaw (1996, 66)

  • Name two or three authors in full each time (Harris and May 2004; Harris, May, and Wong 2003)

  • For four or more authors, use the first author et al.

  • Do not use ibid.

  • Same author, same year (Harris 2003a, 2003b)

  • A series of references should be alphabetized, enclosed within a single pair of parentheses, and separated by semicolons (Smith 2004; Wong 1998)

  • If the author is unknown, provide a title and year ("Article Title" 1999)

  • If the date is unknown (Nano, n.d.)

  • If the work is in press (Smith, forthcoming)


Notes are to be used for further explanation only, not as a substitute for a full reference. All citations in the notes, including online sources, must follow the author-year format and have a corresponding entry in the reference list. Try to avoid referring readers to an entire website for more information; if you used the site as a source, indicate the author and year in the note, and provide a full reference in the reference list.

Designate notes in the text with a superscript Arabic numeral. The number should generally be placed at the end of the sentence or end of a clause; avoid placing note numbers in headings. A note giving acknowledgements is unnumbered and precedes the numbered endnotes.

Tables and Figures

Each table and figure must be referred to in the text and numbered consecutively, e.g., Table 1, Table 2. For the convenience of the typesetter, suggest a place of insertion after the table or figure has been mentioned in the text:

[insert Table 1 here]

Notes to tables and figures follow a specific order. General notes apply to the entire table. All abbreviations used in the table or figure must be spelled out in the general note. Specific notes refer to a particular row, column, or cell. Specific notes are designated by superscript letters. If the same note applies to more than one row, column, or cell, use the same superscript letter in the appropriate locations throughout the table. Probability notes come last, and are designated with asterisks.

A source is required for all tables and figures. The source should follow the author-date style, with full information provided in the reference list. If the data were compiled from numerous sources or surveys, the source note may read "Author's compilation" or "Author's calculations." For example,

Notes: Revenues are in 2003 US dollars. GNI = gross national income.

aEstimated from incomplete data.

*p < .01. **p < .01.

Source: Statistics Canada (2008).


The reference list provides full documentation for all citations in the text, tables, figures, endnotes, and appendices (unless the appendix is an online supplement). A full reference includes author, year, title, and publication information. Only sources that have been cited in the paper should appear in the reference list.

Organize the reference list alphabetically by author. List multiple works by the same author in chronological order. For each reference, provide the names of up to ten authors.

Here are examples of the most common types of references.


Stanley, A. W., B. B. Mcdonald, and D. H. Kelsey. 2003. Title of Book. Calgary, AB: Publishing House.

Book edition/Edited book

Westhues, A., ed. 2003. Canadian Social Policy: Issues and Perspectives. 3rd ed. Waterloo, ON: Wilfrid Laurier University Press.

Chapter in book

Author, A. A. 2002. "Title of Chapter." In Title of Book, edited by J. S. Brown and S. K. Dole, 67-83. Toronto, ON: Pearson.

Government publication

Statistics Canada. 2001. 2002 Census Dictionary Reference. Cat. No. 92-378-XPE. Ottawa: Industry Canada.

Article in a print journal

Author, A. A., and B. B. Author. 2012. "Title of Article." Journal Name 56 (2): 225-48.

Articles and documents consulted online

Use a DOI (digital object identifier) if available. If there is no DOI, provide an access date and the URL that leads directly to the source. If the source is no longer posted, provide as much publication information as possible and the URL leading to the home page.

Author, A. A., B. T. Guy, and W. N. Shary. 2011. "Article Title." Journal Name 115: 405-50. doi:10.10.1086/ahr.113.3.752.

Expert Panel on Older Workers. 2008. "Supporting and Engaging Older Workers in the New Economy." Department of Human Resources and Skills Development Canada. Accessed 11 June 2009.

Research report or paper - published

Author, A. S., and B. Author. 1997. Title of Report. Research Report No. 33. Location: Department, Institution.

Working paper or unpublished manuscript

Author, A. A. 2007. "Title of Paper." Working Paper No. 12, Department of Economics, McMaster University, Hamilton.


Curry, B. 2012. "Budget Cuts Will Hit MP Pensions, Harper Says." Globe and Mail, 2 March. Accessed 4 March.

Paper presented at conference

Smith, R. 2009. "Title of Paper." Paper presented at the Name of Conference sponsored by the Name of Group, New York, 30 June.


Smith, R. M. 2000. "Title of Thesis." PhD diss., University of Western Ontario, London.

Web page

A citation to a website as a whole can often be handled in the text: "As of 19 July 2012, the OECD lists on its website ..." In the reference list, the citation should refer to a specific section or page. If the website is undated, use the access date rather than n.d. (no date).

Toronto Public Health. 2010. "Cancer Prevention and Screening." Accessed 6 July 2011.